Different ways to prevent pregnancy and control birth

Birth control is simply the act preventing pregnancy, and unwanted children.

As the world is fighting global food insecurity, one of the ways to achieve that is to manage the birth rate.

There are different methods of birth rate, each with its advantages and disadvantages, and the level of reliability.

It’s important to note that birth control methods may have varying effectiveness and potential side effects. 

If you’re considering using birth control, it’s best to consult your doctor to assess you and recommend the best-fit method for you.

Using Pill

The pill consists of a combination of synthetic hormones similar to those produced by the females.

They are progestin, oestrogen just as they are produced in women.

It prevents eggs from being released in women.

Almost all the methods of birth control are to be prescribed by a medical doctor and the pills are effective and reliable if properly used, according to Healthpally.

When there’s an omission in the use of the pill on a particular day, it should be combined with the one to be used on the next day, chaktty advised.

IUCD( Intrauterine Contraceptive Device) 

IUDs are small devices that can be inserted into a female uterus to prevent pregnancy.

It could be a loop, spiral, ring, and bow. It is usually made of plastic or stainless steel.

The function is to discourage pregnancy. It is inserted into the uterus by the doctor.

It does not prevent the ovary from releasing an egg but only prevents a released egg from being implanted into the wall of the uterus.

It is also reliable but it may fail if it’s removed from the uterus.

This particular method is not recommended for those who have not had a baby (child) before.

It has side effects. Some women who use them have scamp, some have heavy blood flow and some other women don’t have problems at all, according to chaktty.


It’s a mechanical device inserted into the vagina. It is a flexible rubber up shaped device.

It is inserted before coitus and it is placed in the vagina to cover the entrance to the uterus.

It is reliable if properly applied by the doctor, no side effects if properly inserted.

Surgical sterilisation

This is a permanent surgical procedure for men or women to prevent pregnancy.

There are two types of sterilisation. Hysterectomy, and Vasectomy.

Hysterectomy is for a female and it’s the complete removal of the uterus.
Fallopian tube tightening/ Closing of Fallopian tube is another similar one.
Vasectomy is the removal of the sperm duct.

Chemical method

This includes vagina flow, gellic cream, use of tablets such as Neosampoone.

It is effective and reliable when used properly and it has no side effects.

Withdrawal method or Coitus interrupter

This is a method in which the man withdraws the penis from the vagina before he reaches climax.

It is the oldest method of contraception and it’s not reliable.

It does not allow for enjoyment of sex by both parties, it slows a woman down from reaching orgasm, few drops of semen might’ve dropped before withdrawal, it does not allow for a free second bout of sex.

Depo Provera

It will disallow pregnancy and there won’t be menstruation.


It is a rubber used to cover the penis to prevent the flow of sperm into the vagina.

It is reliable when carefulness is taken into consideration and it has no side effects.

The Rhythm method

This means, avoiding sexual intercourse during the wife’s fertile period.

This occurs just before or after the egg has been produced in the body.

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